Map released: Thurs. July 18, 2024
Data valid: July 16, 2024 at 8 a.m. EDT


  • None
  • D0 (Abnormally Dry)
  • D1 (Moderate Drought)
  • D2 (Severe Drought)
  • D3 (Extreme Drought)
  • D4 (Exceptional Drought)
  • No Data


United States and Puerto Rico Author(s):

Pacific Islands and Virgin Islands Author(s):

The Drought Monitor focuses on broad-scale conditions. Local conditions may vary. See accompanying text summary for forecast statements.


Statistics type ?
Week Date None D0-D4 D1-D4 D2-D4 D3-D4 D4 DSCI

Estimated Population in Drought Areas:

Current Impacts

To see or report current drought impacts, please visit the Drought Impacts Toolkit, where you can find impacts from media in the Drought Impact Reporter and from citizen scientists and other volunteer observers under Condition Monitoring Observations.

Historic Impacts

No two states have the same experience during a drought. Below are examples of some of the impacts experienced in North Carolina in the past. The process for developing this example impact table is described in Noel, M., Bathke, D., Fuchs, B., Gutzmer, D., Haigh, T., Hayes, M., Poděbradská, M., Shield, C., Smith, K. and Svoboda, M., 2020. Linking drought impacts to drought severity at the state level. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(8), pp.E1312-E1321. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0067.1. To view a more complete record, and to filter impacts by drought severity, sector and season, check out the interactive State Impacts Tool.

CategoryExamples of historically observed impacts
D0Lawns are brown
Pastures are dry; mild crop stress is noted; irrigation increases
D1Crop stress increases
Hay production is reduced; producers feed hay to cattle early
Increased signs of wildlife; trees and landscape are drought stressed
Streamflow is reduced; lake and reservoirs levels decline
Voluntary water conservation begins
Wildfire danger is higher than the seasonal normal
D2Dryland crop yields are low
Swimming areas and boat ramps begin to close
Voluntary and mandatory water use restrictions are implemented, people are asked to refrain from nonessential water use
Wildfires are difficult to extinguish
D3Aquatic wildlife is dying; fewer trout are stocked
Hay is scarce, producers are purchasing outside of state; nitrate levels in forage are high
Hydropower generation decreases
Landscaping and greenhouse businesses lose revenue
Outdoor burn bans are implemented; wildfires are widespread
Voluntary conservation is requested even in sufficient water level areas; mandatory restrictions become more severe and fines are given to violators; stream levels are extremely low
D4Daily life is affected for all citizens; people pray for rain; drought education seminars increase
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease is widespread in deer
Producers sell cattle; hay shortages and crop loss occur; farmers are stressed
Reservoirs are low; officials are counting the days of remaining water supply; well water is low; residents are hauling water

How is drought affecting you?

Use the Condition Monitoring Observer Report (CMOR) system to let us know how dry, wet or normal conditions are affecting you, and see what others are saying.

Submit report